wood fern species
From one and a half to two feet in height. [3] It was named by William Hooker in honor of its discoverer, John Goldie. The serratures are likewise terminated by more decided, though short, spinules. Dryopteris expansa (Spreading Wood Fern) is a deciduous fern forming an upright tuft of finely divided, broad, triangular, dark green fronds from a scaly rhizome. A large number of species grow as epiphytes, growing off another plant, whilst other species also grow as trees, creepers and shrub-like plants. Each fertile leaflet contains 6–8 pairs of sori which are paired across the midvein. The wood fern is commonly cultivated as an ornamental plant and is popular in a hanging pot or as a house plant because the wood fern flourishes in low light. Wood fern plants appreciate a layer of mulch or compost to keep the soil moist and cool during spring and summer. Although fertilizer isn’t an absolute requirement, wood ferns appreciate a light dose of slow-release fertilizer shortly after new growth appears in spring. A fresh layer in winter protects the roots from potential damage caused by freezing and thawing in chilly climates. Thelypteris spinulosa var. Family: Wood Fern Family (Dryopteridaceae) Group: Wood Ferns Distinctive features: Lower inner pinnae (subleaflet) on each leaflet is longer. Habitat: A fern's preferred habitat are shady spots with moist, rich soil that is well-drained. Wood fern care is uninvolved and, once established, these relatively slow-growing plants need very little attention. They are generally curved such that the tip of the leaflets points toward the tip of the leaflet. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Many wood fern varieties tolerate wet conditions and will even grow along a stream or pond. ex Goldie) A. Similar species: • Intermediate Wood Fern (Dryopteris intermedia) - lower inner pinna rule does not apply; fronds are evergreen. Marginal Wood Fern (Dryopteris marginalis) This is a common species found in a variety of forested habitats in scattered, loose clumps. [3] The base of the leaf is not strongly tapering and the bottom leaflets are only slightly smaller than the leaflets directly above them. Some varieties emerge reddish or coppery pink in spring, maturing to a bright, shiny green as the season progresses. Others are an attractive, bluish-green. Dryopteris expansa, the alpine buckler fern, northern buckler-fern or spreading wood fern, is a species of fern native to cool temperate and subarctic regions of the Northern Hemisphere, south at high altitudes in mountains to Spain and Greece in southern Europe, to Japan in eastern Asia, and to central California in North America. Members of the wood fern family are mostly forest dwellers, but several species are restricted to grassland habitats. The stipe itself is 1/3 the length of the total leaf, flat or slightly channeled on the upper side and dark brown to nearly black at the base and fades to green distally. That is, it is no longer extant, possibly having become extinct during the most recent glaciation. In New England it is found on cliffs in Maine, New Hampshire and Vermont, often on high-pH rock. [3] It is the largest native North American species of Dryopteris and along with ostrich fern it is one of the largest ferns in eastern North America. It may range from dark green to golden green color. However, unlike that species, this hybrid has oblong lower leaflets, petiole scales with dark brown central regions, and often slightly curved leafules (rather than long-triangular to oblong-triangular lower leaflets, petiole scales commonly light brown, In the garden it requires good drainage and will reward you with a leathery, forest green bouquet of rather ovate… Species See text Dryopteris /draɪˈɒptərɪs/, commonly called the wood ferns, male ferns, or buckler ferns, is a fern genus in the family Dryopteridaceae, subfamily Dryopteridoideae, according to the Pteridophyte Phylogeny Group classification of 2016. ex Willd.) Some of the most common wood ferns in North America are the crested wood fern D. cristata, the evergreen wood fern D. intermedia, the marginal wood fern D. marginalis, and the spinulose wood fern D. carthusiana. Wood fern (Dryopteris erythrosora) is found within the largest genus of ferns with more than 200 species at home in damp, wooded areas of the Northern Hemisphere. It gets its name from the sori (aggregations of spore-bearing structures in ferns) located at the margin or edge of the underside of the pinnules. The leaves are more intricate and lacy than those of many other ferns because of their complex structure and strongly toothed margins. It is also known as Marginal Wood Fern, or Western Shield Fern. Fuchs – spinulose woodfern Dryopteris marginalis, vernacularly known as the marginal shield fern or marginal wood fern is a perennial species of fern found in damp shady areas throughout eastern North America, from Texas to Minnesota and Newfoundland. [4], Goldie's fern is common in moist rich woods, ravines, seeps, or at the edges of swamps and in areas with full or partial shade. It is the largest native North American species of Dryopteris and along with ostrich fern it is one of the largest ferns in eastern North America. [5][6] It grows in a clumped form where all the leave emerge from the same point on the ground. This very hardy fern (zone 3) is quite tufted in habit, with narrow, lance-shaped fronds reaching about 15 cm. Pteridophyta – Ferns Class: Filicopsida Order: Polypodiales Family: Dryopteridaceae – Wood Fern family Genus: Dryopteris Adans. H.P. Dryopteris alboviridis. THIS IS A KEY IDENTIFYING FEATURE TO DIFFERENTIATE Intermediate Wood Fern FROM Spinulose Wood Fern (Dryopteris carthusiana).Other than this characteristic, the two species look virtually identical! The leaf itself rather thick in texture but not evergreen. Handful of peat moss, which is good for growing wood ferns. The Plants Database includes the following 48 species of Dryopteris . The blades of this species are erect and spreading, growing up to 1 m (3') in length, in clusters from a scaly rhizome. The leaflets are typically tapering at both the base and the tip and have a short stem connecting them to the main stem. Marginal wood fern is a leathery, evergreen fern, blue-green above and light green on the underside. Dryopteris carthusiana (Spinulose Wood Fern) is a semi-evergreen fern forming a vase-like tuft of narrow, lacy, finely toothed and dissected, bright lime-green fronds. The greatest diversity of wood ferns is found in eastern Asia, followed by North America, Mexico, South Africa, and western Europe. 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It prefers cool, moist mixed or evergreen forests and rock crevices on alpine slopes, often growing on rotting logs and tree stumps and rocky slopes. And, when fall comes, some of the fronds may also develop reddish or purple tones. Dryopteris intermedia, the intermediate wood fern or evergreen wood fern, is a perennial, evergreen wood fern native to eastern North America. It i… Some other modern ferns include tree ferns, filmy ferns, climbing ferns and the royal ferns. Dryopteris commonly called the wood ferns species of ferns distributed in Asia, the Americas, Europe, Africa. The species was first described from Germany. It could be confused with a robust D. clintoniana . Arguta means sharp-toothed. Goldie's fern requires medium sunlight or shade and high humidity conditions to thrive along with moist soil with an abundance of organic matter. The tip of the leaf may also be white mottled in some specimens. Ferns that tolerate drier conditions grow best in shady spots, which hold moisture longer. The reason why I put this fern into … The tip of the leaf is rather short or abruptly tapering which is a distinctive characteristic to help distinguish this fern from similar species. Aspidium intermedium Muhl. There is only one wood fern that is small enough to be included among the miniature ferns and that is the fragrant wood fern, Dryopteris fragrans. Watt var. D. goldieana hybridizes with many other species of Dryopteris and the hybrids tend to be larger than the pure species. Muell.) Like most ferns, wood fern won’t perform well in intense sunlight, dry soil or extreme temperatures. Read on to learn more about adding these fantastic fern plants to the garden. The bright green fronds of this deciduous fern turn a bronze color in winter as they die back temporarily before spring returns. Wood fern, also called Japanese shield fern, is an attractive easy-care fern that adds beautiful texture and color to shaded and woodland gardens. Dryopteris marginalis, the marginal wood fern, is easily identified because the spores are carried along the very outermost edges of the fronds. The stipe, the division of stem which emerges from the roots and holds no leaflets, is very densely covered in dark brown to black scales (which may have a tan border)[5] toward the base and decreases in scale density as it approaches the area containing the leaflets. [3] The leaf is broken up into many pairs of leaflets which are mostly pinnate but some at the bottom of the leaf may be bipinnately divided. Fragrant wood fern has a circumboreal distribution, and its North America range is mainly in Canada and Alaska. So you have a cluster of stalks in the ground (lady and spiny wood) versus a single stalk in the ground (bracken). Ecology Ecology . Dryopteris Male fern Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Class: Polypodiopsida Order: Polypodiales Suborder: Polypodiineae Family: Dryopteridaceae Subfamily: Dryopteridoideae Genus: Dryopteris Adans. A common evergreen easterner this native species thrives in rocky to woodland settings. It favors moderately acid to circumneutral soils in cooler areas, but is fairly drought-resistant once established. coastal woodfern. Dryopteris goldieana (Giant Wood Fern) One of the largest and handsomest of the North American species of Dryopteris, Dryopteris goldieana (Giant Wood Fern) is an upright deciduous fern forming a rosette of broadly oval fronds, in variable shades from blue-green to pale pastel green, divided into numerous oblong, indented pinnae. It also requires protection from wind. ... Cut-leaved Grape-Fern (Sceptridium dissectum) 0 comments. Dryopteris goldieana, commonly called Goldie's wood fern, or giant wood fern is a fern native to the eastern United States and adjacent areas of Canada, from New Brunswick to Ontario and Georgia.

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